Vault


Vault
   An arched ceiling built of brick, stone, or concrete. Of these materials, concrete is the most effective as it allows for greater expanses since it forms one solid, rigid, surface requiring a lesser number of internal supports. The solid surfaces can then be decorated with coffers, mosaics, or frescoes. There are many types of vaults. A barrel vault is a tunnel-like, semicylindrical ceiling, while a groin or cross vault is composed of two intersecting barrel vaults at right angles. The advantage of this system is that it allows for the inclusion of windows on the sides to bring lighting into the interior of the structure it covers. Groin vaults also require less construction materials and labor. Sometimes the groin vaults are ribbed. The ribs serve various purposes: to reduce the number of wooden supports needed during construction, to lighten the thickness of the groin vaults and therefore allowing for larger windows, and to visually separate them into segments, their repetition granting a rhythmic quality to the building. Pointed ribs, common in Gothic architecture, provide greater stability than the rounded ribs of Romanesque construction. A dome is another type of vaulting, a semicircular structure that sits on a drum or is carried by pendentives. Domes are often placed above the crossing (where the nave and transept cross) of churches. Their lantern and piercings on the drum allow for light to radiate over the altar, giving it a mystical quality.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Vault — (v[add]lt; see Note, below), n. [OE. voute, OF. voute, volte, F. vo[^u]te, LL. volta, for voluta, volutio, fr. L. volvere, volutum, to roll, to turn about. See {Voluble}, and cf. {Vault} a leap, {Volt} a turn, {Volute}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Arch.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vault — Vault, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Vaulted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Vaulting}.] [OE. vouten, OF. volter, vouter, F. vo[^u]ter. See {Vault} an arch.] [1913 Webster] 1. To form with a vault, or to cover with a vault; to give the shape of an arch to; to arch; as …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vault — vault1 [vôlt] n. [ME voute < OFr < VL * volvita, an arch, vault < * volvitus, pp. of * volvitare, intens. of L volvere, to turn around, roll: see WALK] 1. an arched roof, ceiling, or covering of masonry 2. an arched chamber or space, esp …   English World dictionary

  • Vault — Nombre publicitario Vault Lanzada en 2005 Operada por Chart Show Channels Share 2,7% Sitio Web thevault.tv Frecuencias Satélite …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vault — Vault  коммерческая, проприетарная система управления версиями, разработанная компанией SourceGear LLC, которая позиционирует свой продукт как замену Microsoft Visual SourceSafe. Система Vault использует Microsoft SQL Server в качестве базы… …   Википедия

  • Vault — est une série de cymbales Ride, Crash, Chinesse, Hats, Splash, de percussions et de cymbales orchestrales commercialisée par Sabian. Cette série est caractérisée par un grand nombre de modèles Signature, modèles adaptés aux goûts et préférences… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • vault — ‘arched roof’ [14] and vault ‘jump’ [16] are distinct words, although they share a common ancestor: Latin volvere ‘roll, turn’ (source also of English involve, revolve, etc). Its feminine past participle volūta evolved in Vulgar Latin into *volta …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • vault — vault·age; vault·er; vault·man; vault; …   English syllables

  • vault — ‘arched roof’ [14] and vault ‘jump’ [16] are distinct words, although they share a common ancestor: Latin volvere ‘roll, turn’ (source also of English involve, revolve, etc). Its feminine past participle volūta evolved in Vulgar Latin into *volta …   Word origins

  • Vault — Vault, v. i. [Cf. OF. volter, F. voltiger, It. volt?re turn. See {Vault}, n., 4.] [1913 Webster] 1. To leap; to bound; to jump; to spring. [1913 Webster] Vaulting ambition, which o erleaps itself. Shak. [1913 Webster] Leaning on his lance, he… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vault|ed — «VAWL tihd», adjective. 1. in the form of a vault; arched: »a vaulted ceiling. 2. built or covered with a vault: »a vaulted room. SYNONYM(S): domed. 3. having vaults or underground passages: »the vaulted catacombs …   Useful english dictionary


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